The Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump preserves and protects the actual site of a buffalo hunt. The site is the oldest buffalo hunting grounds of its kind in North America. And in 1981 the site was recognized as a UNESCO Heritage Site.
The green space area along the Oldman River is home to narrow leaf cottonwood trees and many wildlife species. Some of the wildlife sightings commonly viewed in the park include waterfowl., beaver, deer, pheasants, white tailed rabbits and muskrat.
Activities enjoyed in the Oldman Dam Recreation Area include kayaking, camping, birdwatching, canoeing, picnicking, boating, sailing, fishing, and wind surfing. There are boat launches located along the shores of the Oldman River reservoir, as well, as roof top canoe launches.
Inside the high fortified walls of the wooden fort are historical exhibits and displays of the Northwest Mounted Police and First Nation people dating back to when the NWMP first arrived in 1874. At that time Fort MacLeod was the main headquarters for the police for all of western Canada.